Abstract: Science and technology ensure the progress in all areas of human life. Prosperity of the country is strongly linked with a proper application of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) fields. To achieve this goal, highly educated specialists both men and women are needed. Children should be exposed to science and technology from early childhood and the national educational policy has to take into consideration all levels of education. Graduate students should possess necessary amount of knowledge to be able later on to introduce into their reality the innovations of science and technology. Recently, a new system called K-12 is introduced in schools. Since the science is a strategically important field, therefore a significant fraction of students should study science and engineering what within a time can be converted into innovation and economic growth of the country. Special attention should be put on female students and the existing barriers that may inhibit them from studying the STEM fields. In this paper, a short analysis of K-12 educational system is performed and some best practices encouraging young people to study the STEM fields are presented. The under-representation of women scientists and engineers on the top positions in academia are also mentioned. Additionally, activities of two global NGO organizations (INWES and INWES-ERI), partners of operational type with UNESCO, whose primary objectives are to advance education in STEM are introduced.