Turkey in 1923 and the period between the years 1938 to think about when analyzing as Turkey, especially during and after the proclamation of the Republic is necessary to examine the period up to Atatürk’s death. When we first look at the events in this process in chronological order; It is necessary to examine the revolutions made since 1923 before the establishment of the Turkish Grand National Assembly. Because the decisions taken in the Parliament affected the following years. The applications show that a planned plan is carried out step by step by considering the political balances. In any case, politics is the method followed in order to reach a goal with the simplest expression. no doubt the world has also been influenced by political developments in Turkey’s domestic political conditions there. This is a natural process. New Turkey since Ataturk shaping the country as much as possible by planning a modern Turkey, unlike all the institutions have been thinking about him apart from the world to integrate with internal politics and economic stability have also worked together to execute. While making these changes, radical changes have been made in many respects, Revolution movements have been implemented within a certain line of logic and these changes have been realized despite the existence of those who oppose the change. The period between 1923 and 1938 has been based on the principles of Republicanism, Nationalism, Populism, Statism, Secularism and Revolutionism. The changes made by taking into consideration these principles have caused the reaction of those who oppose the change and these reactions have emerged as the resistance against the ones that are often wanted to be done. This resistance sometimes occurred in the form of insurrection, and sometimes attempted to assassinate himself. However, in spite of all these difficulties, they were all overcome. This book prepared by the experts of their field; between the years of 1923-1938 in Turkey he has tried to explain the events occurring in some but not all of them.